Mining and Minerals
- The world’s leading producer of bauxite, alumina, rutile, and tantalum
- The second-largest producer of lead, ilmenite, zircon, and lithium
- The third-largest producer of iron ore, uranium, and zinc
- The fourth-largest producer of black coal, gold, manganese, and nickel; and
- The fifth-largest producer of aluminum, brown coal, diamonds, silver, and copper.
- Additionally, Australia is the world’s largest exporter of black coal, iron ore, alumina, lead, zinc, and the second-largest uranium exporter.
Australia’s red meat and livestock industry makes a significant contribution to the Australian economy.
Meat Standards Australia (MSA) was developed by the Australian red meat industry to improve the eating quality consistency of beef and sheepmeat. In August 2018, MLA launched a new online platform that provides consumers with an open and trusted source of information about the production of beef, sheep and goat meat in Australia.
Australia’s Beef Industry :
- In 2018–19, Australia produced approximately 2.4 million tonnes carcase weight (cwt) of beef and veal.
- In 2019–20, 3 million grainfed cattle were marketed (feedlot turnoff), equal to 36% of all adult cattle slaughtered(4).
- In 2019, Australia exported 76% of its total beef and veal production.
- The value of total beef and veal exports in 2019 was A$10.8 billion..
Australia’s Sheep meat Industry :
- In 2018–19, Australia produced 503,146 tonnes cwt of lamb and 228,135 tonnes carcase weight (cwt) of mutton.
- Total sheepmeat production (lamb and mutton) was 731,281 tonnes cwt in 2019, just below year-ago levels, yet 3% above the five-year average.
- In 2019, Australian lamb exports totalled 281,518 tonnes shipped weight (swt), up 5% year-on-year and 14% above the five-year average.
- Australian mutton exports were 183,833 tonnes swt in 2019, 2% higher year-on-year and up 16% on the five-year average(9).
- The value of Australian sheepmeat (lamb and mutton) exports in 2019 was $4.1 billion, up 14% from the previous year
Australia ranks sixth in the world in terms of wine production, behind the traditional wine producing countries Italy, France, and Spain. Australia exported 693 million litres of wine in 2020-21, valued at $2.6 billion (FOB). The top destination market was mainland China, accounting for 24% of the exports by value. On the domestic market, Australian wine is estimated to account for 474 million litres, making up 82% of the total sales volume in 2020-21.
Dairy is one of Australia’s most important rural industries, producing about 8.8 billion litres of milk in 2018-19 and directly employing approximately 46,200 people. It is the fourth-largest rural industry in Australia generating $4.4 billion in farm gate value in 2018-19.
Australian dairy farming has grown into the vibrant, innovative and successful national industry that we know today – one that contributes $3 billion to Australia’s economy.
Today there are approximately 5,800 registered dairy farms in Australia. The average size of a dairy farm herd has increased from 93 cows in 1985 to 261 cows in 2017.
Today there are approximately 1.5 million dairy cows in Australia and in the last year, Australian dairy cows produced approximately 9 billion litres of milk.