Key facts about NSW
Nearly a third of all Australians live in New South Wales (NSW), with most residing in Sydney. NSW is Australia’s largest state economy.
Weather & Climate
The New South Wales Coast is a subtropical climate region of Australia which experiences four distinct seasons. The eastern areas are characterized by temperate weather. In contrast, the central coast experiences more humid weather, and the south coast attracts slightly cooler weather as it is closer to the ocean.
The weather and climate of the NSW Coast are relatively mild, with well-defined seasons that feature hot summers and cool winters. The northwest of the NSW Coast is the hottest region, and the seasons in these areas are less apparent, featuring hot and wetter summers and more relaxed but drier winters. There are colder regions that can experience snow and frost during winter; however, these are confined further inland.
Average maximum temperatures for the NSW Coast range from 26 °C in summer and 16 °C in winter, with average minimum temperatures falling between 19 °C in summer and 7 °C in winter; however, the weather and climate is relatively mild year-round.
As with much of Australia’s weather, the New South Wales Coast climate lends itself perfectly to mildly sunny days, and while rainfall helps keep the region clean, green, and beautiful, there are plenty of clear days throughout the year. Rainfall does vary throughout the region, with the areas further northwest receiving the slightest rain, generally less than 180 mm a year. The east tends to receive a bit more rainfall ranging from between 600 mm and 1200 mm annually.
NSW has the highest population of any state in Australia, with 7.95 million residents as of March 2020.
Roughly 64.5% of the State’s population live in Greater Sydney.
NSW has the fastest growing population in Australia, growing by roughly 106,100 people annually. Greater Sydney and Newcastle have the highest population densities in the State, with 391 and 423 people per square kilometer.
Geography of New South Wales
Many charming and attractive landmarks surround New South Wales, making it a wonderland in the true sense. Sydney is the largest city in Australia, and it has a population of 6.7 million. Wollongong and Newcastle are the two other major cities. The most beautiful sites of New South Wales are located outside the metropolitan area of Sydney.
NSW is divided into four major geographical zones covering the northern and southern landmarks based on the natural features. NSW covers a total of 1460 kilometers of coastline that includes the low-lying land as well. The Great Dividing Range comprises a plateau extending from 50 kilometers to 160 kilometers, forming the tablelands that allow the rivers to meet inland. Mount Kosciusko is the highest peak on the Snowy mountain range and is about 2228 meters. The most fertile land strips are the Western slopes with rich plains that receive abundant rainfall to sustain crops. Nearly two-thirds of the State comprises the western plains with rich and fertile soil. Unfortunately, it experiences insufficient rain, high temperature, and minimal water influx from the major rivers, restricting agricultural growth and development. The Murray Darling system is part of the inland rivers that transport at least two-thirds of the State’s water. The chief rivers are Macleay, Clarence, Hawkesbury, Hunter, Hawkesbury, Hunter, Namoi, Gwydir, Macquarie-Bogan, and Castlereagh.