This time last year, the Coalition was said to be considering a basic English test for all new permanent migrants amid concerns that by 2021, more than one million people in Australia could have little or no English skills:
The move to consider mandating English language tests beyond citizenship applicants and apply a basic conversational language requirement to all new permanent residents — of whom there are more than 200,000 a year — will be flagged today by Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs Minister Alan Tudge as a move aimed at addressing concerns over social integration.
It follows warnings this year that Australia is at risk of drifting towards the European model of multiculturalism, where “parallel” communities have emerged.
An absence of English language skills among migrants and asylum-seekers has been cited in research as being one key driver of social fragmentation. Analysis of census data shows that, on current growth rates, Australia will be home to one million people who do not speak English or don’t speak English well by 2021…
Today, the Courier Mail reports that the Coalition has abandoned plans to tighten English language requirements for migrants seeking to become citizens:
About 1200 migrants who failed the test three times in the same year nevertheless became new Australians in 2018.
The Courier-Mail can now reveal that the Federal Government will not toughen up the test, which would have banned people taking the test for two years if they failed three times, required an English test and asked questions on “Australian values”…
It is understood the Government has no plans to proceed with the previously proposed changes.
Minister for Open Borders Home Affairs spokesperson, Kristina Keneally, congratulated “multicultural Australia” for “standing up” to the government:
The Productivity Commission’s Migrant Intake into Australia report explicitly noted “the fundamental importance of strong English-language skills for an immigrant’s integration and wellbeing in Australia” and explicitly recommended “significant reforms within the current system” and “‘raising the bar’ by shifting to a universal points test while tightening entry requirements relating to age, skills and English-language proficiency”.
In principle, it makes perfect sense for prospective migrants and citizens to be required to speak and read English. It is Australia’s national language and being able to understand and effectively communicate in English is central to integrating into the broader community, gaining employment, as well as to fulfil the responsibilities of residency.
That said, mandating English language proficiency is a second order issue to lowering Australia’s turbo-charged immigration intake to more sensible and sustainable levels.
Seniors will get free trips on Brisbane buses, CityCats and ferries — if they are happy to travel outside rush hour.
The Brisbane City Council budget, due to be handed down on Wednesday, will include a $3.1 million payment to the state government to allow the council to provide free off-peak travel for eligible senior Go Card holders.
Brisbane lord mayor Adrian Schrinner said free off-peak travel for seniors would make better use of available capacity and create more opportunities for older residents to travel the city and connect with family and friends.
“It’s also about giving something back to the generations who have worked hard and contributed so much to help build our city and our community,” he said.
“Social isolation and loneliness amongst older residents is consistently a major concern raised by community researchers.
“The evidence clearly shows that older residents are more likely to live on their own.
“Making it possible for seniors to get out and about more, at no cost, has the potential to bring many positive benefits to our community.”
The free travel will apply from October 1 on Brisbane buses, CityCats and ferries between 8.30am and 3.30pm, and 6pm to 6am, Monday to Friday. Buses will be free for seniors on weekends.
The initiative will also apply to the Brisbane Metro bi-articulated buses when services begin in 2023.
Cr Schrinner called on the Queensland government to match the announcement for rail passengers in the state budget, which will be handed down on Tuesday.
He said the council did not have the ability to reduce public transport fares, as they were set by the state government agency TransLink, but could introduce measures aimed at boosting patronage.
“Free off-peak travel for seniors on council’s public transport will go a long way to encouraging greater use of public transport, and I encourage the state government to adopt the same approach for rail commuters,” he said.
The council budget also includes funding for the Council Cabs program, a shared taxi service to take residents who are over 60 years, mobility-impaired or pension concession cardholders to their local shops for a set fare.
It will be Cr Schrinner’s first budget as lord mayor.
Labor pledged free off-peak public transport for seniors in 2011.
While the Department of Immigration doesn’t track the work of international students, new data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics has provided insights into their impact on the Australian job market for international students.
The impact of international students on the Australian job market has been revealed, following new research from the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
As many as 40,000 students from overseas rely on the hospitality sector for income, based on calculations from Australian National University migration researcher Henry Sherrell using the new ABS research released last week.
The research links employment data from the Census to addresses and biographic details of temporary visa holders to provide the first ever large scale insight into the working lives of visitors to Australia.
It shows more than one in three foreign students reported having jobs in the 2011 Census. Approximately 15 per cent of these were hospitality workers, 11 per cent were cleaners and laundry workers, 10 per cent were sales assistants and eight per cent were food preparation assistants.
The Department of Immigration does not track the work of international students. These students can work up to 20 hours per week during semester and unlimited hours during semester breaks.
“If you plonk those people (around universities) in Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth, that will have some effect on those labour markets,” Mr Sherrell said.
While it’s likely that some foreign students are “substituting” for young Australians in these jobs, Mr Sherrell said it was a complicated field of study and it’s too soon to call for reform.
“The hard thing about this stuff, is if you take backpackers and international students, they’re often working for non-wage incentives like residency, while Australians are much more driven, especially at a young age, by wage considerations,” he said.
“If you’re going to work at Coles, you’re likely not going to work at Coles for the rest of your life, so you’re not after enjoyment or career opportunities.”
The Productivity Commission reported last year that a “lack of fundamental data on employment patterns” of students was making it difficult to assess whether working rights should be limited, but it was likely that students were making an impact.
“Given the number of students and graduates involved and their geographic and demographic concentration, these effects are likely to significant,” it stated.
“This is particularly likely for student work rights since this group tends to undertake low and semiskilled work —where they are likely to be in competition with Australian youth and first job entrants.”
Immigration law lecturer at the University of Adelaide, Dr Joanna Howe, said a focus on the work arrangements for foreign students was necessary to better understand their impact on the labour market and to ensure Australia’s reputation in the international student market is not tarnished.
“Traditionally our approach has been to see international students as purely here as a study purpose,” she said.
“But increasingly, through the 7-Eleven scandal, through the horticulture 4 Corners expose, through some of the Fairfax media investigations, we’re realising that international students have a strong need to work and a strong desire to work.
“We’re realising that their work impact is quite significant.”
Australia’s export education industry is worth around $20 billion a year.
Manling Zhu, from China, studies law and commerce at the Australian National University in Canberra and works part-time as a tutor. She said she would reconsider her decision to study in Australia if there were more restrictions on work for students.
“I come to Australia to study in an English-speaking environment,” she said.
“Working is part of an important aspect of my life here, and by working in Australia I can actually mingle in society and get better practice with my English.”
Fellow ANU student Anson Wong, from Hong Kong, said being able to work in Australia was very attractive for students coming from overseas.
“I would reconsider my choice, because (work restriction) is quite an inference,” he said.
“There may be some negative inference to how international students here feel about the whole working system.”
But for other ANU students, like Yan Gu, from China, they would still be drawn to Australia to study even if working rights were restricted.
“I come to Australia because I want to get a better education,” he said.
“My family’s supporting me financially and I would like to go back to China afterwards. I wouldn’t come here to find a job.”
Immigration Minister Peter Dutton has indicated he will be condensing the list of eligible occupations on the 457 temporary foreign worker visa to prioritise jobs for Australians, but neither he or Employment Minister Michaelia Cash has flagged any plans to reform students’ work regulations.
Assistant Immigration Minister Alex Hawke said the government supports international students having the choice to work, including to gain professional and cultural experience and to improve their English language skills.
“The student visa work settings are part of our global competitiveness, especially to attract high quality students with appropriate post study work arrangements,” he said.
The Productivity Commission urged the government in September to issue a public inquiry into the effects of work rights for international students.
The government established the Migrant Workers’ Taskforce in October to focus on worker exploitation, but its scope does not extend to the effect of students on the labour market.
The point system for an Australian visa will change from November this year. The new point system offers extra points to singles. Many singles are looking forward to this change.
S. Vijay Kumar is ready to file his application for Australian Permanent Residency visa.
A film editor by profession, Kumar has got his educational qualification assessed by VETASSESS, Australia’s leading vocational education and training (VET) skills assessment provider. But he is going to wait till November.
“Everything is set, but I am waiting for November. I will get extra 10 points for being single, and that will increase my score,” says Kumar.
A student at Macquarie University, Vijay Kumar is one of the many applicants who are looking forward to the 10-point-rule that will come into effect from November 2019.
In April this year, the immigration department announced some changes to the point system. These changes will come in effect from 16 November 2019.
According to the new rule, applicants who do not have a spouse or de facto partner will get 10 points.
“Points are awarded for attributes that are linked with the applicant’s ability to make the greatest economic contribution, as the key purpose of the skilled migration program is to maximize the economic benefits of migration to Australia,” the legislation reads.
The changes are to ensure more skilled people migrate to Australia, says immigration expert Rohit Mohan.
“New system, coming in effect from November, offers ten extra points for applicants who do not have a spouse or partner.
“The idea is to bring more skilled migrants and discourage unskilled partners who come with married skilled migrants.
“Married invitees with kids fill more places with non-skilled migrants and leave lesser places for skilled migrants,” says Mr Mohan.
The amendments to the point system follow the recommendations made by the Productivity Commission.
According to the commission, around 50 per cent of Australia’s permanent skill intake is secondary applicants, many of whom have limited skills.
In its 2016 report, the Productivity Commission recommended that the points system be amended so that secondary applicants with skills and other desirable employment-related characteristics contribute significantly to the points score of the primary applicant.
Many singles are waiting for the new points system to kick in to gain these ten extra points.
Dilip Kumar, an Australian visa-hopeful says these extra points will help him in a big way.
‘My IELTS score is not very high, so I am counting on the extra points,’ says Dilip who is an auto mechanic in Karnataka and preparing his application for an Australian visa.
Mr Mohan says many of his clients are waiting for November.
“People have put their marriage on hold to claim these extra points. Earlier people would get married before applying to claim five extra points on behalf of their partners. Now we can see the opposite trend.”
Applicants who have a skilled spouse or partner will also get ten extra points in the new system.
They will also get five points if their spouse or de facto partner have competent English.
From 1 July 2019, there will be an increase in visa application charges
The Department of Home Affairs has announced that a 5.4 percent Visa Application Charges (VAC) increase in fees will apply to applications made on or after 1 July 2019 on most visa subclasses.
|Visa Type||Current Fee||From 1 July 2019|
|General Skilled Migration||$3,755||$3,958|
|Graduate Temporary Subclass 485||$1,535||$1,618|
|Parent (Contributory) first instalment||$340 to $3,855||$358 to $4,063|
|TSS – STSOL||$1,175||$1,238|
|TSS – MLTSSL||$2,455||$2,587|
|Significant Investor Visa (SIV)||$7,310||$7,705|
The Second Visa Application charge for the Contributory Parent visa (143 visa) will remain the same. The subclass 600 Visitor visa fee will also not be affected by the July increases.
The Australian government will be launching two new skilled regional visa routes this year, opening the door to more South Africans who want to make the move.
These occupations are consistent with skills needed in regional areas, including agricultural, trade and professional occupations, he said.
“Once the new regional visas are introduced later this year, skilled migration visas sponsored by regional employers or state and territory governments will receive priority processing.
“These visas allow you to bring your family with you, where they’ll enjoy the same rights as you.”
Hopwood explained that the Australian government currently defines regional Australia by a postcode listing.
“From November this year, regional Australia will be defined as all of Australia except for the metropolitan areas of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Gold Coast and Perth,” he said.
“The new definition will form single continuous borders, as defined by postcodes, around these metropolitan areas.
“Regional Australia is home to 8.8 million Aussies and contributes to one-third of the country’s national output.”
How to move to Australia on a skilled migration visa
From November 2019, the Australian government will be introducing the following visas to help address skill shortages in regional areas.
They also aim to encourage a more balanced settlement of Australia’s skilled migrant intake, Hopwood said.
Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 491)
This is a points-based visa for people who want to live and work in designated regional areas in Australia.
To qualify for this visa, you must have obtained sponsorship from an eligible relative or state or territory government, be under the age of 45 and competent in English.
This Skilled Work Regional visa will allow you to live and work in Australia for up to five years.
You can bring your family with you and leave and enter Australia as often as you like while your visa is valid.
This visa will replace the Skilled Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 489), which is quite popular with skilled workers who wish to move to regional Australia. This change also introduces the new points system for this visa.
Points will be awarded as follows:
- 10 points for having a skilled spouse/defacto partner;
- 15 points if you’re nominated by a state or territory, or sponsored by a family member that resides in regional Australia;
- 10 points if you have certain science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) qualifications;
- 10 points if you do not have a spouse/defacto partner;
- 5 points if you have a spouse/defacto partner who meets the English language requirement.
After three years of holding the Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa and meeting the requirements, you can apply for a permanent residence visa.
Skilled Employer-Sponsored Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 494)
This visa will replace the current subclass 187 visa. It allows skilled workers, who are nominated by an employer, to live and work in Australia permanently.
To be eligible for this visa you must:
- Be nominated by an Australian employer;
- Work for your nominating employer in regional Australia;
- Have an occupation on the relevant list of eligible skilled occupations;
- Meet the English language requirement.
Permanent Residence Skilled Regional visa (subclass 191)
The new permanent residence visa is available to skilled migrants that have lived and worked in Australia for three years on one of the two new provisional regional visas. To qualify for this visa and permanent residence in Australia, you must:
- Have held a valid regional provisional visa for at least three years prior to making your application;
- Earned a minimum income for three years on a valid regional provisional visa;
- Meet the requirements of the regional provisional visa.
“This visa will only be open for applications from 16 November 2022,” said Hopwood.
“This is because applicants will need to have held one of the new regional provisional visas for three years before they can be eligible to apply.”
Australia was the top country worldwide for HNWI inflows in 2018, beating out its main rival the US for the 4′-11
year running. Popular places for them to move to in Australia included: Sydney, Melbourne, Gold Coast,
Sunshine Coast, Perth, and Brisbane.
Possible reasons for Australia ‘s popularity among migrating HNWls:
- The safety of the country – low crime rate.
- The appeal of bringing up children and going to school/university in the country.
- English speaking country. Almost all HNWls globally know English as their first or second language.
- First world economy.
- First class healthcare system.
- Growing economy. One of the few high-income economies that have grown strongly over the past decade.
- Space – Australia has only 25 million people and is a large country.
- Climate, nature, and scenery.
- Tax rates – although company tax and income tax rates in Australia are quite high it should be noted
that unlike most other developed countries, Australia has no inheritance taxes – this encourages
wealthy people to stay in the country and build their businesses for future generations.
Reasons why migrating HNWls may be preferring Australia to the US:
- Safety. Australia was recently rated as the safest country worldwide in our annual woman safety
ratings. Australia is also a particularly safe country to raise children. The US has some safety problems
especially in big cities like Chicago and Los Angeles.
- Australia has no inheritance taxes. In the US, individuals with a wealth of over US$5.5 million (or US$11
million per married couple) pay inheritance taxes (top rate of 40%).
- Problems in the US healthcare industry. In the US, getting healthcare insurance can be difficult for
incoming HNWls. Notably, several international medical aids cover patients in all developed countries
with the exception of the US (which is a big warning sign). In particular, the Affordable Care Act
enacted in 2010 has not turned out well for wealthy and middle-class patients in the US, with average
premiums rising by over 120% since the act was passed in 2010.
For further analysis and rankings, please find the full report here.
Also please find a summary presentation here.
Electric carmaker Tesla is readying itself for a cramping up of sales in Australia with the imminent opening of the online order page for its more affordable Model 3 electric sedan (expected as early as this week after orders opened in the UK last week).
A number of advertisements seeking staff for the Australian arm of the pioneering electric carmaker have been published through jobseeker website Seek, including for customer service staff, apprentice technician and sales and service advisors.
A new “customer experience specialist” is sought at each of three showrooms in Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane, with the additional two roles of vehicle technician and sales advisor sought for Sydney and a service advisor, sought for Melbourne.
Instore sales staff must have, according to Tesla’s job ads, “a desire to work with products that are changing the world”, the successful apprentice technician must have “a desire to work on cutting edge electric vehicle technology”, and the position of “inside sales advisor” is more directly involved in the introduction of the Model 3.
The listing of the last job in particular heralds the opening of the online configurator very, very soon (as announced by CEO and founder Elon Musk last week) and the arrival of the Model 3 itself this winter, which was finally confirmed by Musk last month.
The Model 3’s arrival in Australia will mark another significant moment for the local EV market, where a distinct lack of choice for electric cars has been a factor in holding Australia back from a global shift to zero emissions transport that is rapidly taking hold overseas.
The Model 3 has already become the best-selling electric vehicle of all time and the best-seller in its class including both electric and combustion vehicles in October 2018.
It is now being met with very promising sales as it expands into European and Chinese markets and will present another more affordable option for those wanting to shift to EVs.
In Australia, there are currently only a handful of electric models available on the market, and of those only a few that anywhere under the Luxury Car Tax threshold.
The new job search comes as Tesla Motors Australia revealed a fall in EV sales revenue in 2018, down 26 percent for the year to $125 million, although a tenfold jump in battery storage revenue allowed overall revenue to grow 65 percent to $330 million.
It’s not entirely clear if this reflects a fall in the number of Tesla electric cars sold, or due to the drop in the price of the Model S and X as announced earlier this year, but it is known that there was $4.1 million in revenue from services alone, including repairs, maintenance services, and service plans.
Tesla vehicles are considered superior by some to other vehicle brands in that the electric carmaker continues to offer improved features via over-the-air software upgrades.
Most recently, the carmaker has announced two more safety upgrades for its vehicles including “Lane Departure Avoidance” and “Emergency Lane Departure Avoidance.”
The concept of parent visas has become to an extent somewhat redundant in Australian Immigration. Broadly speaking there are two visa categories available for parents wishing to join or visit their children:
Contributory Parent Visas
Non-Contributory Parent Visas
Both visas carry major flaws and impracticalities. The average wait time for non-contributory parent visa is now in excess of 30 years whereas other family visas carry a wait time of in excess of 50 years.
The contributory parent visa requires a payment of approximately $45,000 per applicant to be made payable to Home Affairs for the visa to be granted. For two parents, the cost is in excess of $90,000.
The most significant difference between the two categories lies in the waiting periods for applications to be processed and approved. This is attributed to the fact that program caps apply to both visa categories. The Migration Act contains provisions which allow the Minister to cap the numbers of visas that are granted in a financial year.
Section 85 of the Migration Act indicates that certain visas may be subject to capping and queuing and Parent visas are subject to Direction No. 62 which allows prioritising applications in the context of planning levels for the financial year.
The cap only ever applies to that particular year so it may change from year to year. When the numbers for the cap is reached, and no further visas are granted for the rest of the program year, applicants are placed in a queue and are allocated a place once a place becomes available.
The new Sponsored parent visa can be considered as a “refresher” to the redundant Australian parent visa scheme. As with any visa, there are of course certain requirements which must be met in order for the visa to be granted.
The temporary sponsored parent visa is designed to allow the parents of Australians to spend longer periods of time with their children in Australia without placing additional burden on Australia’s health care system. The introduction of the temporary sponsored parent visa finally passed the Senate on and introduced Migration Amendment (Family Violence and other Measures) Bill 2016 (the Bill) through Parliament. Applications to sponsor a parent for a Sponsored Parent (Temporary) visa are open from 17 April 2019. Once a sponsorship application has been approved, a sponsored parent will be able to apply for a Sponsored Parent (Temporary) visa. Applications for the visa will open from 1 July 2019.
To be approved as a sponsor, the applicant must demonstrate that they meet the following:
- be a biological, adoptive, or a step-child of their parent
- be an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen
- be 18 years or older
- have lived in Australia for at least four years
- meet a household income requirement of $83,454.80.
- accept legal liability for any outstanding public health debt their sponsored parent accrues.
Whilst some concerns has been expressed regarding the household income requirement, certain measures need to be put in place to ensure that the new program works and does not fall into the trap of becoming redundant alongside other parent visa options currently available. It should also be noted that household income may be split between the main applicant and their spouse.
There are 15,000 places available per year which is a significant increase by comparison to places available under the non-contributory parent visa scheme.
Parents cannot perform paid work whilst they are in Australia, nevertheless, they are able to reside in Australia for a total period of ten years. This may be a better alternative to having constantly apply for a visitor visa or wait off-shore for the grant of a parent visa (contributory or non-contributory).
The concept of fairness is subjective therefore it is difficult to assess just how fair the new 870 visa is in comparison to other visa options available for parents. Nevertheless, one should also look at the practicality of the new 870 visa, this visa is expected to be processed in a shorter period by comparison to non-contributory parent visas, they are less expensive than contributory parent visas and less cumbersome than repeat visitor visas. From a practical point of view, subclass 870 visa is a step in the right direction for family streamed visas.
From April 17, visitors to Australia failing to declare prohibited items might have their visas shortened or canceled.
Australia’s strict bio-security laws prohibit certain foreign foods, plant materials, and animal products from entering the country, due to the threat of introducing serious pests and diseases into Australia, devastating our valuable agriculture and tourism industries, as well as our unique environment.
From April 17, 2019, new rules come into effect allowing airport authorities to shorten or cancel visitor visas if a visitor fails to declare prohibited items upon entry to the country.
So before you send across a list of goodies for your family and friends to bring to Australia, or travel back to Australia from your home country and on a temporary visa, take a look at what you can and cannot bring into Australia.
‘Innocent mistake’ that sparked airport bomb scare
The 65-year-old Indian grandmother says she wasn’t aware her mistake could cause panic.
WHAT CAN I BRING/NOT BRING TO AUSTRALIA?
Food items brought into Australia must be declared on Incoming Passenger Cards when arriving by plane. Biosecurity officers may need to inspect some of the food you’re bringing with you.
While you are allowed to bring coffee, biscuits, bread, cake, chocolate, maple syrup, and oil, one needs to declare if they have brought tea, spices, pickles, rice, nuts, dairy products with them.
Take a look at the full list here.
Medicines for personal use are allowed. However, one must carry a letter or copy of the prescription (written in English) from the doctor to certify that the medicine has been prescribed to treat a medical condition and ensure the quantity of the medicine does not exceed three months supply.
“You should leave your medicine in its original packaging and declare it to the Australian Border Force when you arrive,” the Australian Border Force (ABF) advises.
For more details, click here.
Visiting Australia? Be mindful of what’s on your phone and laptop
Australian Customs Officials can check your electronic devices for porn and anyone found in possession of illegal material can face up to 10 years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $525,000.
Plants, flowers, and seeds
Live plants are not permitted.
“Most live plants must not be imported to Australia unless the importer has a valid import permit from the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources,” the ABF advises.
For seeds, one must declare it if they are carrying seeds.
For more details, click here.
Seasonal or festive items
Many migrants bring special items related to Indian festivals like Diwali, Rakhi and Lohri to Australia. The ABF strongly advises one “declare anything you are bringing or sending so that it can be inspected by our staff at the border.”
The ABF advises not to bring fresh fruits, flowers, dried fruit, nuts and Indian sweets like burfi, ras malai, rasgulla and pedas. For more details on these sorts of items, click here.
Besides these specific categories, there are many more items on the list that are prohibited or must be declared when being brought to Australia.
Take a look at the entire list here.
WHAT IF YOU ARE CARRYING A PROHIBITED ITEM?
When traveling to Australia you will be provided with an Incoming Passenger Card by the crew of your aircraft or cruise vessel.
“This is a legal document. You must mark YES on your card to declare if you are carrying certain food, plant material or animal items. You can take these declared goods with you to the clearance point where they will be assessed by a Department of Agriculture and Water Resources biosecurity officer and may be inspected. Alternatively, you can voluntarily dispose of food, plant material or animal items in bins located in the terminal,” the Department of Agriculture advises.
WHAT IF YOU FAIL TO DECLARE?
A biosecurity officer may inspect your baggage, even if you do not declare any goods. They may use X-ray or a detector dog. You must declare or dispose of any goods with a biosecurity risk before the inspection. If you do not or you make a false declaration on the Incoming Passenger Card, you:
- may be caught
- may be subject to civil penalties
- may be prosecuted, fined more than A$420,000 and imprisoned for up to 10 years and a get criminal record.
You will not be penalised under the Biosecurity Act 2015 if you declare all goods, even if they are not allowed into Australia.
From April 17, 2019, new rules state that if a visitor fails to declare anything that cannot be imported, the officers at immigration clearance points may shorten or cancel their visa.
ABF says the people found guilty of not following these rules may be prevented from returning to Australia for three years.
“Persons whose visas are canceled under these circumstances may be turned around and returned and will be prevented from being granted a visa to return to Australia for three years except under compelling or compassionate circumstances,” ABF spokesperson told SBS Hindi.